Keyboard 2 Pacing Guide

All Year
observe proper rehearsal etiquette as defined by the director (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
  • rehearsal etiquette
participate in mutual respect with all other classroom members and the teacher (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
identify and perform music notation as related to class literature. (LAFS.910.RST.2.4BAC )
  • music notation, including notation symbols specific to string playing
understand vocabulary in various languages as it appears in class literature. (LAFS.910.RST.2.4BAC )
  • domain specific vocabulary
demonstrate a musical idea as a model for peers. (LAFS.910.SL.1.1BAC )
share and apply feedback from the teacher and peers in rehearsal through verbal, visual, and audible means (LAFS.910.SL.1.1BAC )
·use correct music vocabulary in class discourse to identify, define, discuss, reflect, and debate relevant topics. (LAFS.910.SL.2.4BAC )
·articulate opinions, questions, and answers so that the intended meaning is understood. (LAFS.910.SL.2.4BAC )
All Year
Use technology appropriately for practice and performance (MAFS.K12.MP.5.1BAC )
  • use MIDI recording techniques (through on-board keyboard features or connected MIDI device) to monitor progress
  • Use on-board or available metronome to facilitate tempo and rhythmic precision
  • Use apps and internet resources to learn a new piece of music
All Year
understand that specific tools, while assisting in the process, do not supersede skills and technique. (MAFS.K12.MP.5.1BAC )
demonstrate precision in the execution of expressive elements regarding the execution of dynamics, articulations, phrasing, and style. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • expressive markings that relate to musical effect regarding dynamics, tempo, phrasing, musical line, dynamics, style, articulations
  • standard conducting patterns
  • expressive conducting gesture
use domain specific vocabulary to communicate precise ideas and opinions with others. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
demonstrate precision in the execution of expressive elements regarding the execution of dynamics, articulations, phrasing, and style. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • expressive markings that relate to musical effect regarding dynamics, tempo, phrasing, musical line, dynamics, style, articulations
demonstrate precision in the execution of unison pulse regarding rhythmic accuracy (attack, duration, release), synchronized rhythmic execution and tempo. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • note/rest values appropriate to course and literature
  • time signatures appropriate to course and literature
utilize pattern recognition to memorize music. (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
recognize patterns through music theory and utilize the information in rehearsal, individual practice, and performance. (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
  • patterns such as chords, form, time signatures, phrasing, sequencing, hemiola, key centers, harmonic structure, voicing, modulation, and instrumentation.
All Year
utilize pattern recognition for sight reading music (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
  • mapping of lines and spaces to represent distance between fingers while reading
All Year
identify musical elements in a listening example (MU.912.C.1.1BAC )
  • e.g, dissonance and consonance, form(s), melody, countermelody, harmony, instrumentation, texture, timbre, etc.
identify expressive elements in a listening example (MU.912.C.1.1BAC )
  • e.g., dynamics, articulation, phrasing, tempi, etc.
  • domain specific vocabulary associated with different articulations (e.g. staccato, tenuto, accent, etc.)
perform individually and in groups followed by feedback from peers and teacher. (MU.912.C.1.2I R)
  • performance evaluation
identify performance accuracy and technique relative to pitch, rhythm, balance, pedaling, phrasing, etc. (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • Technical Preparation: pitch accuracy, rhythmic precision, balance, entrances, releases
  • Tone Quality: balance of accompaniment, register adjustment, weight in keys, etc.
  • Musical Effect: tempo, phrasing, musical line, dynamics, style, articulations
apply feedback individually, cooperatively, and with teacher guidance. (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • assessment strategies
listen to two or more examples of the same recording. (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
  • critical listening skills
identify and discuss musical criteria from quality recordings that are transferable to class repertoire. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • active listening techniques
use feedback from others, and/or self assessment, to display continued improvement and develop musical performances. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • self assessment techniques
  • practice strategies
apply musical devices and techniques appropriate to style to align with presumed composer intent. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • composer intent
efficiently organize and execute rehearsal/practice time for daily forward progress (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
  • organize a practice plan from small term goals to long term performance goals
All Year
design and implement a daily and semester-long practice plan. (MU.912.F.3.4BAC )
  • practice plan
discuss goals with teacher and peers to receive feedback and request assistance. (MU.912.F.3.4BAC )
  • feedback
list goals and aspirations at the beginning of the year. (MU.912.F.3.4BAC )
  • goals
  • aspirations
All Year
listen to representative examples of music from diverse cultures and eras. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
  • exposure to different music genres (early music to present-day music)
All Year
compare two or more significant keyboard composers and/or compositions. (MU.912.H.1.2BAC )
  • Keyboard literature appropriate or arranged to be appropriate-to-level based on compositions from, but not limited to: Bach, Clementi, Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, Debussy, Bartok
All Year
identify definitive composers from Baroque to 21st Century, and discuss compositional indicators of their style periods. (MU.912.H.1.5I R)
  • definitive composers from the Baroque to 21st Century time periods
  • Baroque to 21st Century compositional techniques
identify characteristic traits of keyboarded music written to represent specific cultures across the world. (MU.912.H.1.5I R)
  • aural recognition of rhythmic and melodic elements related to cultures
  • identify unique ethnic/nationalistic motives and tonalities
compare and contrast acoustic vs. electronic sound production. (MU.912.H.3.1I R)
  • acoustic principles of electronic instruments
recognize the mathematical nature of music theory with regard to the circle of fifths, intervals, etc. (math). (MU.912.H.3.1I R)
  • circle of fifths
  • intervals
explain how sound is produced on a string instrument and how that sound reaches the human ear (science - physics, acoustics, physiology). (MU.912.H.3.1I R)
  • how sounds are produced on string instruments
  • symmetry, sound waves, patterns, structure, velocity, vibrations, and frequencies
identify basic structural elements in music such as meter, key/tonality (major or minor), timbre, and form. (MU.912.O.1.1I R)
  • meter
  • key signatures
  • tonality (major and minor)
  • melody
  • form
explore basic forms such as ABA, theme and variations. (MU.912.O.1.1I R)
Identify the reasons and effect of repeated sections in musical form. (MU.912.O.1.1I R)
  • musical road-map symbols for repeats (repeat symbols, dal segno, da capo, first ending/second ending, etc.)
perform music of various musical styles, observing the expressive elements inherent or indicated in each style. (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • Contrasting styles in music
demonstrate appropriate use of dynamic markings, phrasing, and articulations while sight-reading. (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • musical elements such as dynamics, tempo, and articulation markings.
experiment with changes in musical elements such as tempo, dynamics, rhythms, melodic line, and/or articulations in a known piece. (MU.912.S.1.3I C)
  • musical elements such as tempo, dynamics, rhythms melody, harmony, articulations
perform a short familiar tune from an unwritten source, e.g., radio, TV, movie, etc. (MU.912.S.1.4E P)
echo short, stepwise, unfamiliar melody, given the first note. (MU.912.S.1.4E P)
notate a stepwise melody, with assistance, given a starting note and key. (MU.912.S.1.4E P)
  • music notation conventions
memorize assigned performance selections rehearsed in class. (MU.912.S.2.1E P)
identify major musical components of a piece, such as form, themes, etc. (MU.912.S.2.1E P)
develop a technical foundation for playing with awareness of the pedagogical process. (MU.912.S.3.1BAC )
perform scales, warm ups, class etudes, and method book exercises with attention to appropriate technique as directed. (MU.912.S.3.1BAC )
  • techniques for tone production, pitch accuracy, and rhythmic integrity.
identify and perform, as contained in class repertoire: all dynamic levels, tempo markings, fingerings, and articulations. (MU.912.S.3.1BAC )
  • elements such as dynamics, tempo markings, fingerings, and articulations
All Year
suggest appropriate rehearsal strategies to improve upon performance (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
All Year
critique the effectiveness of a given rehearsal, identifying successful strategies or behaviors (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
  • audio and/or video examples
recognize and display personal preparation for rehearsals including necessary equipment and music preparation. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
  • practice strategies.
  • assignments.
  • rehearsal strategies
perform with independence and fluency with both hands. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • hand and finger position adjustments necessary to play with hand and finger independence
perform with varying hand placement, angle, speed, and weight; and recognize the effect they have on tone, dynamics, and fluency. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • arm weight, angle, and placement on keys
  • dynamics
  • tone
demonstrate the ability to play major scales using appropriate finger patterns. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • major and minor tetrachords
  • finger patterns for scales played in class
All Year
Use sustain and sostenuto pedals appropriately (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • pedaling conventions when not indicated by score
First Semester
compare two performances of a piece being studied in class. Discuss, in small and large groups, choices made by each performing group, analyze the purpose and motives of their choices, and decide how those choices could influence students' own performance of that piece. (LAFS.910.SL.1.1BAC )
  • music vocabulary
  • expressive markings and qualities
  • blend and balance
  • accurate notes and rhythms
listen to and discuss the various media a given composer uses to present works. (MU.912.H.1.3BAC )
  • mediums of performance music (ie. concerto, wind ensemble, string quartet, rock band, musical theatre, etc.)
explore the similarities/differences of selected mediums within a composer’s body of work. (MU.912.H.1.3BAC )
  • genres and styles
explore the various musical elements a given composer uses for different works. (MU.912.H.1.3BAC )
  • rhythm, melody, harmony, timbre, texture, dynamics, lyrics, music relationships, form, etc.
First Quarter
View Ted Talks - Benjamin Zander: The transformative power of classical music. Do you agree or disagree with Zander's point of view. Why or why not is Zander qualified to speak extensively about classical music? Provide reasons why one may speak with fallacious reasoning and/or exaggerate or distort information? (LAFS.910.SL.1.3BAC )
identify and discuss sequencing strategies for memorizing a piece. (MU.912.S.2.1E P)
  • sequencing strategies for memorization
understand that correct playing technique is the foundation for skillful and expressive string playing. (MU.912.S.3.1BAC )
  • See MU.912.S.3.5
  • techniques to perform expressively and stylistically.
Week 7
Student correctly identifies pitch and/or counts for a sample melody on the board and clearly presents their findings to the class referencing the key signature and time signature to support their claims. (LAFS.910.SL.2.4BAC )
  • identify pitch reading according to clef
  • identify key signature
  • identify time signature
Second Quarter
discuss the implications of copyright infringement, e.g., loss of revenue, pirated original compositions, recorded materials, web-based media, etc. (MU.912.F.3.2NTK R)
  • financial impact on composers and artist, etc
list materials subject to copyright law and discuss proper usage, payment, etc. (MU.912.F.3.2NTK R)
  • music
  • software
  • literature
  • MP3's
  • other works
define “copyright” and discuss applicable materials, media, and performances. (MU.912.F.3.2NTK R)
  • licensing information
  • guidelines for posting performances online
  • definition of copyright
play a variation on a melody from music being rehearsed in class while the teacher provides repeated chord progressions. (MU.912.S.1.1I C)
  • melody, repetition, chord structure, rhythmic interest, and articulations.
Week 15
analyze elements of quality performances based on established criteria. (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
  • Technical Preparation: MU.910.C.2.1
  • Tone Quality: MU.910.C.2.1
  • Musical Effect: MU.910.C.2.1
Week 17
identify examples of music as a cultural function, e.g., anthems, fanfares, religious and ceremonial music, holidays, athletic events, etc. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
Second Semester
Evaluate quality of free sources keyboard music available online (LAFS.910.SL.1.2BAC )
  • standard notation practices
  • recognize music patterns that are plausible for human performance (many exist from computer performed MIDI files)
In groups or individually analyze phrase structure and defend choices regarding rise and fall, strong and weak beats, syllabic stress, commas, etc. Each will then perform each assigned excerpt and defend reasoning for choices made. Class should discuss whether choices were successful and make suggestions for improvement. (LAFS.910.SL.2.4BAC )
  • identify phrase structure
create a hypothesis on how a piece may sound based on written indicators found in the score. (MU.912.C.1.2I R)
  • title of the piece, composer, and domain specific vocabulary related to tempo, articulation, and expressive markings
compare the historical background of two composers of music being rehearsed in class, including their time period, nationality/ethnicity, education, and body of work. (MU.912.H.1.2BAC )
Third Quarter
Compare and contrast the instrumentation of an arrangement versus the original score and discuss the credibility and accuracy of each version. (LAFS.910.SL.1.2BAC )
Compare and contrast the instrumentation of an arrangement versus the original score and discuss the credibility and accuracy of each version. (LAFS.910.SL.1.2BAC )
use listening maps to identify major musical components (MU.912.C.1.1BAC )
  • how to describe musical elements such as form (e.g., ABA), melody, harmony, tempo, and dynamics.
identify examples of quality performance through use of keyboard literature being studied. (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
  • performance evaluation
play a variation on a written melody by altering rhythms and/or pitches. (MU.912.S.1.1I C)
  • melody, repetition, chord structure, rhythmic interest, and articulations.
Week 19
notate simple dictated rhythmic patterns. (MU.912.S.1.4E P)
  • rhythms: whole, half, quarter, eighth notes; whole, half, quarter rests.
Fourth Quarter
Create a research based project on a teacher prompt or teacher approved student prompt (LAFS.910.WHST.3.7BAC )
  • information gathering, vetting and organizational techniques for research-based projects
identify various technological advances in music over the centuries, and discuss their influence on the development of music, e.g., harpsichord to piano to digital keyboard; scribes to printing press to notation software; drum made from a tree-trunk to digital drum pad. (MU.912.F.1.1BAC )
  • technology in music
compare and contrast traditional vs. modern technological characteristics, usage, and practice. (MU.912.F.1.1BAC )
Compare and contrast the production values of acoustic pianos versus electronic keyboards. (MU.912.F.1.1BAC )
identify various technological advances over the centuries that have changed music creating, learning, performing, recording, and delivery systems. (MU.912.H.2.4BAC )
  • examples of technological advances that have affected music
describe the benefits of utilizing music notation and looping software (MU.912.H.2.4BAC )
  • various music notation software (e.g. Finale, MuseScore, Sibelius)
  • how to notate music with paper and pencil
Describe the effects of listening services, radio and social media on music (MU.912.H.2.4BAC )
experiment with improvised melodies based on pitches from major scales. (MU.912.S.1.1I C)
  • Notes of major scales and arpeggios
create and perform an original version of a given piece by altering the musical elements, e.g., rhythmic patterns, accompaniment, voicing, etc. (MU.912.S.1.3I C)
  • Mode manipulation between major and minor
  • different left-hand accompaniment styles based on chords
  • rhythmic ostinato and rhythmic motives that serve to create a unifying element within a piece
Week 28
aurally identify major and minor chord tonalities. (MU.912.S.1.4E P)
  • differences between major & minor chords