Instrumental Techniques 3 Pacing Guide

Time-Period Currently Unspecified
identify and perform music notation as related to class literature. (LAFS.1112.RST.2.4BAC )
  • music notation (e.g., notes, rests, accidentals, dynamic markings)
understand vocabulary in various languages as it appears in class literature. (LAFS.1112.RST.2.4BAC )
  • domain specific vocabulary
unify ideas and decisions though collaboration and communication according to music rehearsal convention within sections, across the ensemble, and with the director. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.1BAC )
  • rehearsal communication conventions
initiate independent refinement of repertoire through collaboration with peers. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.1BAC )
  • solo and ensemble literature selection
  • ensemble personnelle selection
  • selection of sectional passages for rehearsal purposes
watch two performances of a piece on YouTube and determine what techniques contribute to the musicality. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.2BAC )
  • proper performance posture, position, and technique
listen to two recordings of a piece of music on Naxos and determine which rendition most effectively conveys the composer's intent. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.2BAC )
  • stylistic characteristics based on style period, nationality, cultural background
Read a score while listening to the piece, compare it to another arrangement or edition, and discuss the differences and similarities in class. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.2BAC )
  • score reading: systems, parts, score order
evaluate the efficacy and value of a guest clinician, conductor, or adjudicator's presentation with regard to their delivery. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.3BAC )
  • vocal tone, facial expression, gestures
  • syntax, semantics, lexicon
discuss the content of a speaker's or lecturer's presentation (live or recorded) with regard to substantiated evidence. (LAFS.1112.SL.1.3BAC )
  • evidence, data, statistics
·use correct music vocabulary in class discourse to identify, define, discuss, reflect, and debate relevant topics. (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
·articulate opinions, questions, and answers so that the intended meaning is understood. (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
present comparisons of works within a genre citing specific style characteristics and using domain-specific vocabulary to represent a point of view. (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
  • genre, style characteristics
research and prepare a piece of music for rehearsal (score study). (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
  • score study
lead a sectional or rehearsal utilizing communication conventions, such as referencing the measure number before making relevant comments. (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
  • rehearsal communication conventions
describe correlations between technique and performance in a rehearsal piece. (LAFS.1112.SL.2.4BAC )
write a reflection of both formal and informal performances, identifying strengths and weaknesses specific to musical elements such as articulations, phrasing, intonation, balance, and rhythmic precision. (LAFS.1112.WHST.2.4BAC )
  • musical elements such as articulations, phrasing, intonation, balance, and rhythmic precision
write an eight measure melodic/rhythmic dictation including steps, skips and chromatics (LAFS.1112.WHST.2.4BAC )
  • knowledge of music notation fundamentals
compose an eight measure melody over a given harmonic structure. (LAFS.1112.WHST.2.4BAC )
  • knowledge of music notation fundamentals
write a short critique of a rehearsal (LAFS.1112.WHST.2.4BAC )
  • conductor's objectives
discuss the interrelationships among band members and the conductor, and how blending is achieved. (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
discuss, using domain specific and academic vocabulary, two or more recordings/performances of a work and defend their position regarding the student's personal preference (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
listen to music from various parts of the world and identify stylistic elements particular to that culture. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
  • reputable and legal resources for access to recordings
  • definitions of musical and stylistic elements used by cultures being studied
discuss the roles of music and musical traditions and identify common threads across different cultures. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
  • appropriate and relevent music for different cultural ceremonies and traditions
  • Comparable and contrasting functions of music from different parts of the world (ie. work song of Ghana, versus "Happy Birthday")
explain the historical connection of music studied in class with particular events or time periods when applicable. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
  • events and there associated music (eg, Fall of the Berlin Wall/Beethoven's 9th Symphony)
listen to music from various parts of the world and identify stylistic elements particular to that culture. (MU.912.H.1.1BAC )
  • reputable and legal resources for access to recordings
  • definitions of musical and stylistic elements used by cultures being studied
identify and apply previously learned concepts to a new selection being rehearsed, e.g., a student recognizes a familiar ornamentation in a new piece. (MU.912.O.2.1E P)
describe and give examples of imagery to express the mood of a section of a piece of music. (MU.912.O.3.1E R)
create a program note or story line based on a piece being rehearsed in class. (MU.912.O.3.1E R)
  • how to compose a well written program note or story
identify the high and low points of a phrase. (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • phrasing in music (i.e., phrase impact points, motion, shape, etc.)
identify defining musical elements in pieces of music (MU.912.S.2.2E P)
reflect whether a transfer has been made from a work or skill to another (MU.912.S.2.2E P)
match pitch and identify and correct pitch discrepancies within harmonic and melodic contexts. (MU.912.S.2.2E P)
perform age-appropriate repertoire that includes, but is not limited to, method book exercises, scales, and beginning band literature, emphasizing use of expressive elements. (MU.912.S.3.1E P)
demonstrate proper fundamentals in varied literature in both small and large performance settings. (MU.912.S.3.1E P)
recognize, count and notate simple rhythms and rests. (MU.912.S.3.2E O)
  • procedure for deciphering rhythms (e.g., count singing, speaking rhythms, subdividing, etc.)
recognize simple/compound meters and key signatures and be able to identify flats, sharps, and naturals. (MU.912.S.3.2E O)
  • basic notation terminology (e.g., simple meters, key signatures, flat, sharp, natural, etc.)
sight-read and perform music selections in simple and compound meters. (MU.912.S.3.2E O)
  • dynamic marking symbols and terms (e.g., crescendo, subito forte, etc.)
  • basic phrasing concepts (e.g. four bar versus eight bar phrase, breath marks, cadences, etc.)
understand and demonstrate dynamic markings and phrasing. (MU.912.S.3.2E O)
sight-read a melody from provided literature using appropriate expression (MU.912.S.3.2E O)
  • sight reading procedure that incorporates expressive markings (e.g., fingering and singing)
recognize and describe the necessary factors for an effective personal practice plan. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
discuss rehearsal strategies and their application to personal practice, e.g., technical exercises, flexibility exercises, long tones, etc. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
evaluate progress on a section of music following a rehearsal session and identify strategies for further improvement. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
develop a plan for a student-led sectional rehearsal. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
recognize and describe the necessary factors for an effective ensemble rehearsal. (MU.912.S.3.4E R)
demonstrate appropriate breathing technique. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • how to take a proper breath while playing (e.g., shoulders down, breathe through mouth not nose, fill up lungs from bottom up, etc.).
recognize and demonstrate proper embouchure. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • proper embouchure (e.g., firm corners, flat chin, etc.).
produce a characteristic tone on an instrument. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
demonstrate proper fingerings as well as alternate/trill fingerings for the practical range for an instrument. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
understand and perform the various styles of articulation (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • proper tonguing technique (e.g., hitting the teeth or the reed in the appropriate spot with the tongue).
recognize in tune/out of tune and how to make the appropriate adjustments. (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • basic intonation (i.e., playing in tune with others)
demonstrate level appropriate mallet technique and snare rudiments (percussion). (MU.912.S.3.5E P)
  • proper hand position on instrument or stick height when holding drum sticks and mallets (percussion).
  • mallet technique and snare rudiments (e.g., major scales, 40 essential snare rudiments)
All Year
Sustain focused attention, respect, and discipline during class, rehearsal, and performance (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
demonstrate focused attention in class by high achievement on daily formative assessments and periodic summative assessments. (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
maintain proper decorum at all times during class and when attending concerts. (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
observe proper rehearsal etiquette as defined by the director. (DA.912.S.2.1BAC )
interpret unfamiliar English terms using their home language dictionary or an online translator (ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1BAC )
  • how to use a home language dictionary or online translation program
All Year
differentiate between English terminology and musical terminology (ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1BAC )
  • music terminology usually in Italian and usually italicized
All Year
perform rhythmic and melodic patterns accurately by imitating aural patterns demonstrated by the teacher and/or peers (ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1BAC )
  • procedure for aurally deciphering rhythms (e.g. count singing, speaking rhythms, subdividing)
  • intervallic relationships
perform rhythmic and melodic patterns accuartely by visually interpreting musical symbols (ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1BAC )
  • pitches on the staff, rhythmic patterns appropriate to the course level
All Year
use classroom visual aids to accurately interpret and perform musical symbols and abbreviations (ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1BAC )
All Year
understand that specific tools, while assisting in the process, do not supersede skills and technique. (MAFS.K12.MP.5.1BAC )
recognize the connection between a problem and a properly used tool that may provide a solution (MAFS.K12.MP.5.1BAC )
  • e.g., metronome, tuner, notation software, digital recorder, pencil, reference materials and media resources, accumulated knowledge, maintenance accessories, ear protection, keyboard instruments, microphone, amplifier
demonstrate precision in the execution of unison pulse within the ensemble regarding rhythmic accuracy (attack, duration, release), synchronized rhythmic execution and tempo. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • note/rest values appropriate to course and literature
  • time signatures appropriate to course and literature
use domain specific vocabulary to communicate precise ideas and opinions with others. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
demonstrate precision in execution of pitch accuracy and intonation regarding tonality (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • tonality: MU.68.C.1.1
demonstrate precision in the execution of expressive elements regarding the execution of dynamics, articulations, phrasing, and style. (MAFS.K12.MP.6.1BAC )
  • expressive markings that relate to musical effect regarding dynamics, tempo, phrasing, musical line, dynamics, style, articulations
  • standard conducting patterns
  • expressive conducting gesture
utilize pattern recognition to memorize music. (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
reorganize performance practices according to given rhythmic hierarchies (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
  • beat groupings and metric stress
recognize patterns through music theory and utilize the information in rehearsal, individual practice, and performance. (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
  • patterns such as form, time signatures, phrasing, sequencing, hemiola, key centers, harmonic structure, voicing, modulation, and instrumentation.
evaluate personal performance based on teacher generated criteria and make appropriate adjustments in fundamental areas (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • teacher generated criteria regarding performance fundamentals
use listening skill to adjust quality of personal intonation and tone within the ensemble (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • characteristic tone and mechanics of intonation for the individual's instrument
apply feedback from others, and/or self assessment, to display continued improvement and develop musical performances. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • criteria (established though peer collaboration and teacher fascilitation) for self-assessment and assessment of others.
explore styles used in other performance areas and apply to current music, e.g., use jazz swing style in a straight passage or sing a section to hear accuracy of articulations . (MU.912.O.2.1E P)
  • components of contrasting musical styles (i.e. swung eighth notes, slur-two-tongue-two sixteenth notes, baroque phrasing, etc.)
perform repertoire with contrasting styles and structural elements. (MU.912.O.2.1E P)
develop a hypothesis for the composer’s intent in a piece being rehearsed in class. (MU.912.O.3.1E R)
  • how to develop a hypothesis based on given information
demonstrate appropriate use of dynamic markings, phrasing, and articulations while sight-reading. (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • musical elements such as dynamics, tempo, and articulation markings.
perform music of various musical styles, observing the expressive elements inherent or indicated in each style. (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • Contrasting styles in music (i.e., march style versus overture style)
recognize and demonstrate appropriate responses to conducting gestures (e.g., tempo, fermata, dynamics, cut-off, caesura, phrasing, fluctuation of tempo) (MU.912.O.3.2E P)
  • basic conducting gestures and what they indicate (i.e., common time pattern, fermata, cut-off, etc.)
First Quarter
develop criteria used to define musical performance and explain how each area affects music performance. (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • Performance fundamentals such as: intonation, note accuracy, tone quality, rhythmic accuracy, dynamics, and articulation
support the larger ensemble by understanding the importance of one’s individual role. (MU.912.C.2.1BAC )
  • the difference between melody and accompaniment and how it effects their individual sound production within the ensemble
develop criteria used to define musical performance and explain how each area affects music performance. (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
  • criteria used to define musical performance such as intonation, note accuracy, tone quality, rhythmic accuracy, dynamics, and articulation
research exemplary models for one’s own instrument, e.g., quality recordings. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • Notable performers and worthwhile reference recordings (e.g., principle players in Chicago Symphony, New York Philharmonic, etc.)
implement a personal practice plan with help from a teacher. (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
Analyze and discuss the expressive elements in music (i.e., dynamics, phrasing, melodic development, form and orchestration, etc.) (MU.912.O.3.1E R)
  • expressive elements in music (i.e., dynamics, phrasing, melodic development, form and orchestration, etc.)
Week 1
recognize the function of lines and spaces of the staff (including the addition of ledger lines) as the means of visually representing pitch (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
Week 3
understand rhythmic relationships regarding time signature classification. (MAFS.K12.MP.7.1BAC )
  • simple, compound and mixed meters
  • function of top and bottom numbers in time signatures
Week 5
Identify accidentals (LAFS.1112.RST.2.4BAC )
  • flats - lower pitch
  • sharps - raise pitch
  • naturals - cancel previous accidentals
Second Quarter
evaluate a performance of a solo, small ensemble, or large ensemble using the criterion in the FBA or FOA performance rubrics. (MU.912.C.2.2E R)
  • definitions of the three catagories listed on the FBA or FOA adjudicator sheet
  • know what a high quality recording/performance sounds like
examine and apply factors that make a performance exemplary that are transferable to class repertoire, e.g., expressive playing; technical facility, intonation, blend, balance, tone quality, etc. (MU.912.C.3.1E R)
  • Components that make a performance exemplary (e.g., expressive playing, technical facility, intonation, blend, balance, tone quality, etc.)
select an ability-based piece with help from a teacher. (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
research the historical background of the piece and composer. (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
  • research resources and techniques (i.e., British Library site)
find/hire an accompanist if necessary. (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
Third Quarter
participate in solo and ensemble music performance assessment or a similar performance setting, sequencing necessary tasks to include but not be limited to: (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
analyze the elements of a given performance using feedback from adjudicator. (MU.912.F.3.3BAC )
  • domain specific and academic music language (as related to understanding adjudicator feedback)
Fourth Quarter
analyze and compare compositional techniques and concepts of two contrasting pieces. (MU.912.O.2.1E P)
  • composition concepts and techniques (i.e., form, melodic line, harmony line, development of theme, etc.)